How to Execute a .Run or .Bin file in Ubuntu
.Run or .Bin files are probably the only file types you will ever need to mark as executable in normal use of Ubuntu. There are two ways to execute them, which usually installs something.
.Run and .Bin files are fairly easy to execute or install, but can be notoriously difficult to remove. This depends on the developer. They also can be downloaded from anywhere, and made by anyone, so make sure you or other people have experience and therefore trust of the source. You should check any uninstall procedures before proceeding with these instructions.
In the Terminal
First, open the Terminal. Then execute chmod +x file-name.run. This marks the file as executable.
Execute ./file-name.run in the Terminal. If an error message including 'permission denied' appears, use sudo ./file-name.run. Be careful, sudo allows you to make critical changes to your system. Many software installs will require sudo.
First, move the .Run or .Bin file to your Home folder. This is just precautionary. Second, Right-click on the file and select Properties. Under the Permissions tab, tick the checkbox near the bottom labelled Allow executing file as program. Click Apply Permissions. Then Close the Properties Window.
Double-click the .Run or .Bin file and select Run in Terminal. A purple window with white text will open. This is the terminal. Do not worry if it takes a few seconds to appear, this is normal. Answer any questions using the Tab, Arrow, and Enter keys.